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First Peter
Chapter 1
verses 3-12
1 Peter 1
Verses 3-5

Blessings and honor belong unto our God, the Father of our Lord and Savior
Jesus Christ. His mercy, which is everlasting, has begotten us – born us
again – made us anew – by giving us a lively hope by the resurrection of
Jesus Christ. God declared Jesus to be the Son of God with power by the
resurrection of Jesus (Romans 1:4). It is this declaration that gives us our
life in Jesus Christ – the fact that Jesus is the Son of God.

Christians are begotten of God – that is, by the act of God they are what
they are. The language is remniscient of the words of Jesus to Nicodemnus.
“There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:
the same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that
thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that
thou doest except God be with him. Jesus answered and said unto him,
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, except a man be born again, he cannot see the
kingdom of God. Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when
he is old? Can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be
born? Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, except a man be born
of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That
which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is
spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, ye must be born again. The wind
bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not
tell when it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the
Spirit. Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?
Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master in Israel, and knowest
not these things? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, we speak that we do know,
and testify that we have seen; if I have told you earthly things, ye believe
not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things? And no man hath
ascended up to heaven, but he that6 come down from heaven, even the Son
of man which is in  heaven. And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the
wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up; that whosoever
believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. For God so loved
the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in
him should not perish, but have everlasting life. For God sent not his Son
into the world to con-demn the world; but that the world through him might
be saved. He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth
not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the
only begotten Son of God. And this is the condemnation, that light is come
into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their
deeds were evil. For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither
cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. But he that doeth
truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are
wrought of God” (John 3:1-21).

The word of God is the means by which God begets us. It is the seed which
gives us new life.

Christians have a living hope. It is hope that continues. It is hope that give
life to everything they do.

This living hope is into, indicating the action places one into the
resurrection of Jesus, or benefiting from the resurrection of Jesus from the
grave. This hope overwhelms the Christian, and is untouched by the things
which oxidize or corrupt the material possessions of the world; it is
untouched by the evil and wickedness which permeate and defile the
principles of the world; and, it is untouched by the means which cause the
items or promises of this world to fade into nonexistence. This hope is not of
the world, it is in heaven.

“Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth
corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: but lay up for
yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doeth corrupt,
and where thieves do not break through nor steal: for where your treasure
is, there will your heart be also. The light of the body is the eye,: if therefore
thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light. But if thine eye be
evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in
thee be darkness, how great is that darkness! No man can serve two
masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will
hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Therefore I say unto you, take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or
what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life
more than meat, and the body more than raiment? Behold the fowls of the
air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your
heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they? Which of
you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature? And why take ye
thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil
not, neither do they spin; and yet I say unto you, that even Solomon in all his
glory was not arrayed like one of these. Wherefore, if God so clothe the
grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall
he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? Therefore take no thought
saying, what shall we eat? Or, what shall we drink? Or, wherewithal shall
we be clothed? (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek): for your
heavenly Father knoweth all that ye have need of all these things. But seek
ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall
be added unto you. Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the
morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is
the evil thereof” (Matthew 6:19-34).

The hope and inheritance belongs only to those “who are kept by the power
of God though faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.”
The power of God unto salvation is the gospel (Romans 1:16), which
generates faith (Romans 10:17). It is the obedience of Christians as they
remain in the gospel which gives them hope (Colossians 1:11-29). Salvation
shall be revealed when Jesus comes again.

Verses 6-11

This living hope causes Christians to rejoice – it brings that joy of the Spirit
(Galatians 5:21) which does not depend upon outward circumstances, but is
a recognition of the salvation which they have received in Jesus Christ.
That is why, even though the strangers in Asia Minor found themselves in a
difficult situation (probably persecution) could rejoice although their hearts
were heavy.

Each trial and tribulation refines and strengthens faith just like fire refines
gold, purging it of all of it impurities. Faith if far more valuable than gold.
Value is determined by what you may obtain in exchange for the substance.
Faith provides hope in times of helplessness, and eternal life in eternity.
Nothings is more precious and valuable than that which will preserve your
soul (Matthew 16:26). The refinement is why there can be joy in the midst of
heaviness. With this refinement the soul, at the last day, can be found unto
the praise and honor and glory of Jesus Christ.

Christians have not seen Jesus, yet they love him.

“Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his
Son to be the propitiation for our sins. Beloved, if God so loved us, we
wrought also to love one another. No man hath seen God at any time. If we
love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us” (1
John 4:9-12).

“If ye love me, keep my commandments” (John 14:15).

“He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me:
and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and
will manifest myself to him. Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it
that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? Jesus
answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and
my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode
with him. He that loveth me not keepeth no my sayings: and the word which
ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me” (John 14:21-24).   

Though they have not seen him, they believe in him.

“But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when
Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the
Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the
nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into
his side, I will not believe. And after eight days again his disciples were
within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and
stood in themidst, and said, Peace be unto you. Then saith he to Thomas,
Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand,
and thust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing. And Thomas
answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. Jesus saith unto him,
Thomas because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they
that have not seen, and yet have believed. And many other signs truly did
Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book:
but these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son
of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name” (John 24-
31).

“Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us:
and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren. But whoso hath this
world’s good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels
of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? My little
children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts
before him” (1 John 3:16-19).

The foregiveness of sins, the hope of eternal life, the peace that passeth all
understanding, the mercy and grace of God – all of these bring to the heart
of Christians a joy that fills the heart, mind and soul that the world can
never understand nor enjoy.

Faith, faith in Jesus Christ, leads one on the paths of righteousness and
brings them to the desired end of all men – the salvation of their souls.
This salvation the prophets of old prophecied of but never received. They
inquired, they searched diligently – but they found no answers as to the true
meaning of their prophecies. They did not know, they could not understand
where and how salvation and the ascension of Jesus – all the essential facts
of the gospel – and the effects and results of those actions – both when and
the how – all is prophecied in the Old Testament (see the chart of Jesus
fulfilling prophecy).

The things were revealed to us, to Christians, not to the prophets. It was
necessary to have the revelation of those inspired by the Holy Spirit. This
recollection of the tings taught by Christ and done by Jesus was complete
and total by the apostles and some evangelists in the 1st Century, because it
was inspired by the Holy Spirit.

“And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he
may abide with you for ever; even the Spirit of truth; whom the world
cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him; for he
dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will
come to you … But the Comforter, which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father
will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to
your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you” (John 14:16-17,26)

“Nevertheless I tell you the truth; it is expedient for you that I go away: for if
I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will
send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin,
and of righteousness, and of judgment: of sin, because they believe not on
me; of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; of
judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. Howbeit when he, the
Spirit of truth, is come, he will gui8de you into all truth: for he shall not
speak of himself: but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he
will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of
mine, and shall shew it unto you” (John16:7-14).

“For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth
confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, whosoever
believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between
the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call
upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be
saved. How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? And
how shall lthey believe in him of whom they have not heard? And how shall
they hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach, except they be
sent? As it is written, how beautiful are the feet of them that preach the
gospel of peace ,and bring glad tidings of good things! But they have not all
obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord who hath believed our report? So
then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God” (Romans 10:
10-17).

The revelation of the meaning of the prophecies comes in the same manner
as it did to the Ethiopian eunuch, an inspired preacher gives the
interpretation – in our case the New Testament (Acts 8).