Galatians
(1)
HANDOUT
Galatians:
Troubled with Another Gospel

The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians is addressed not to a single congregation, but a
group of churches in the province of Galatia in Asia Minor (present day Turkey). It deals with the
false teachers which are plaguing the area, teaching that one must observe the Law (the Old
Testament) in order to be saved. Paul states
:

“there be some that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Christ” (Galatians 1:7).

“Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are
fallen from grace” (Galatians 5:4).

Early Christianity gives clear and ample testimony to this document. Marcion placed it at the
head of his Apostolikon (140 AD); Justin Martyr, Athenagoras, Melito, quoted it about the same
time. It is echoed by Ignatius (Philad., i) and Polycarp (Philip., iii and v) a generation earlier, and
seems to have been used by contemporary Gnostic teachers. It stands in line with the other
epistles of Paul in the oldest Latin, Syriac and Egyptian translations, and in the Muratorian
(Roman) Canon of the 2nd century. It comes full into view as an integral part of the new
Scripture in Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria and Tertullian at the close of this period. No breath
of suspicion as to the authorship, integrity or apostolic authority of the Ep. to the Gal has
reached us from ancient times. …
        ISBE

Paul’s Gospel

If any man preach any other gospel … let him be accursed.

Introduction 1:1-10

DEFENDED: 1:11-2:21

        Divine in Origin (1:11-24)
        Divine in Nature (2:1-21)

DEFINED 3:1-4:31

        By the Galatians (3:1-5)
        By Scripture (3:6-14)
        By Abrahamic Covenant (3:15-18)
        By the purpose of the Law (3:19-29)
        By the temporariness of the Law (4:1-11)
        Not subject to the Law (4:12-20)
        By the allegory (4:21-31)

APPLIED 5:1-6:17

        Spiritual freedom (5:1-26)
        Restore the fallen (6:1-5)
        Support teachers & needy (6:6-10)
        Accept persecution (6:11-17)

BENEDICTION 6:18

THE GOSPEL DEFENDED

I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto
another gospel: Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you, and would pervert
the gospel of Christ. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto
you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. As we said before, so
say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let
him be accursed. For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet
pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ. But I certify you, brethren, that the gospel
which was preached of me is not after man. (Galatians 1:6-11 KJV)

There were some in Galatia that were deceived into accepting what was not true. They accepted
a gospel that was different, not a gospel that was consistent, with what Paul preached. It was
another gospel of a different kind, not another gospel of the same kind. Thus, they were
perverting, or changing the gospel of Christ. But no man, not even an angel from heaven, had
the right to change what Paul preached. If they did, they were not pleasing God, and were not the
servant of Christ. They, therefore, were to be cut off from the brethren. The gospel preached by
Paul did originate with him, but is from God.

THE GOSPEL DEFINED

For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been
baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond
nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. (Galatians 3:26-
28 KJV)

In Jesus Christ there is no difference between the Jew and the Gentile, or the slave and the
freeman, or between male and female – they are all one in Christ Jesus. What saves one,
saves the other. They are the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. ,,, -- the faith, a description
contrasting the teachings, or doctrine of Christ — the New Testament, with the Law, or the Old
Testament. Circumcision and obedience to the Law are no longer mandatory – those who have
been immersed (baptized) into Christ have put Him on. But God be thanked, that ye were the
servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness.
(Romans 6:17-18
KJV)
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