321BibleStudy.net
Commentary
321BibleStudy.net
GENESIS
Chapter 15
The fourteenth chapter of the Book of Genesis recorded the battle of Mesopotamian kings with kings of
Canaan.  It resulted in the taking prisoner of Lot, and necessitated Abram's rescue mission. This introduced us
to Melchizedek, the king of Salem (Jerusalem), an ante-type of Christ. Now in chapter fifteen, Abram is
encouraged by God.

THE PROMISE OF POSTERITY

As Jehovah comes unto Abram in a vision, we see a side of Abram that is rarely revealed in scripture. Abram is
doubtful. The Lord God has already promised Abram "seed as the dust of the earth;" yet, Abram says: "Behold,
tome thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir." Eliezer is shown not to be Abram's
heir, "but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir." Therefore, Abram is shown the
stars of the heaven and shown that his seed will be numbered in the same manner, that is they shall be too many
to number. "Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham" (Galatians
3:7).

ABRAM BELIEVED IN THE LORD

Abram "against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which
was spoken, so shall thy seed be. And being not weak in faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when
he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb: he staggered not at the promise of
God through unbelief; but was strong in faith, giving glory to God; and being fully persuaded that, what he
promised, he was able also to perform. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness." (Romans
4:18-22).

Abram "believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness." Even in the face of the seemingly
physical impossibility of it coming to pass, Abram believed God would do what He said. Oh, that we would
faint not at the promises of God! Oh, that we would have that faith of Abram!

THE INHERITANCE OF THE LAND

Abram asked, "LORD God, whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it [this land -- rlr]?" The land was
described as "from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates." The answer to Abram's inquiry
was twofold: (1) a vision, and (2) a smoking furnace and a burning lamp passing between the pieces of the
sacrifices placed upon an altar.

THE VISION OF PROPHECY OF THE SOJOURN IN EGYPT

In the vision which Abram had as a result of his question concerning the inheritance of the land, the time table
was set for the inheritance of the land by Abram's seed. Abram's seed would first sojourn in a strange land and
would be slaves there (Egypt). Then, at the end of four hundred years the nation which had bound them in
servitude would be judged (afflicted) by God, and Abram's seed would come forth "with great substance."
Abram would not receive the promise of the land; he would die "in a good old age." "But in the fourth generation
they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full."

The fulfillment of the vision unto Abram is seen in the first fourteen chapters of the book of Exodus. At the end
of four hundred, thirty years Israel came out of the servitude they had experienced in the land of Egypt amidst
judgments upon the Egyptians, having spoiled them of their goods. Then was the iniquity of the Amorites full
and Abram's seed were to possess this land. This was in the fourth generation: for Levi begat Kohath, and
Kohath begat Amram, and Amram begat Aaron and Moses in whose day the children of Israel came forth out of
the land of Egypt. (Exodus 6:16-20)

Questions

1. Who was Abram's heir at this time?
2. How many descendents would Abram have?
3. Who are Abram's descendents?
4. What was counted to Abram for rightteousness?
5. What were the boundaries of the land promised to Abram?
6. What question did Abram ask of the Lord?
7. How did God answer Abram's question?
8. What did the vision which Abram have speak about?

Discussion Starters

1. Why do people doubt from time to time?
2. In what situations today, can we utilize the same faith which Abram manifested here?