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GENESIS
Chapter 19

In chapter eighteen Abraham has entertained angels unawares, Sarah has laughed at the promise of the Lord,
Abraham was informed of the impending doom of Sodom and Gomorrah, and Abraham pleaded for the righteous
in those two cities where Lot had gone. Now we see the destruction of those whose sin is very grievous in the
sight of Jehovah.

LOT ENTERTAINS THE ANGELS

The two angels which arrive at Sodom are determined to lodge in the streets of that city for the night. However,
Lot in the custom of those days sat at the gate of the city and invited them into his home for the night refusing
to take no for an answer. He shows them the same hospitality that Abraham had in the plans of Mamre.

THE WICKEDNESS OF THE PEOPLE

Formerly, the people were mentioned as “wicked and sinners before the Lord exceedingly” (13:13), and their sin
is spoken of as being “very grievous” (18:20). Now the sin of the people is shown intheir statement of the
angels of God. “The men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and yound,
all the people from every quarter” and asked Lot to deliver the men unto them so that “we may know [in the
Biblical sense] them.” The entire male population of the town came forth to homosexually gang rape the angels
of God who are in the house of Lot. It is not merely some misdirected youth who are engaged in the action, but
both young and old. It is because of this behavior that is recorded here that the word “sodomy” has come to
represent “unnatural sexual relations, esp. between male persons or between a human being and an animal”
[Funk & Wagnall’s Standard Desk Dictionary; Vol. 2; p. 639]. It is an ignoble tribute to the wickedness of those
people.

The hospitality which Lot had extended unto his guests included protection from the mob of Sodom. So, in an
effort to protect his guests and appease the mob before him, Lot offers them his two virgin daughters to do as
they would with. The hospitality of the Eastern countries still makes it better for yourself or a member of your
family to suffer than for anything to happen to your guest. This gesture of Lot shows his nobility and
righteousness in the protection of his guests.

These wicked men of Sodom were not to be turned back. They were going to get what they wanted by force if it
was not given to them upon request. They were going to break the doors down and take the men by force and
also harm Lot. This is when the angels step in to protect Lot by striking the men of Sodom blind.

THE WARNING

Lot is instructed to warn his entire family to flee the city of Sodom immediately “for the Lord will destroy this
city.” However, as Lot speaks to his sons-in-law “he seemed as one that mocked” unto them. They would not
listen. They would not heed. Even so, there are many who will heed the warning of the destruction which is yet
to come.

THE ESCAPE

The next morning, Lot is told to take the two daughters that are there with him and his wife and leave
immediately. When he lingers, the angels grab Lot and his family by the hand and lead them out of the city of
Sodom.

There the angels tell them to escape to the mountains and not to look back. However, Lot pleads to go to the
city of Zoar, which the Lord grants.

THE DESTRUCTION

As the sun comes over the horizon, Lot enters Zoar and fire and brimstone (sulfur) rain down upon Sodom and
Gomorrah, destroying all the people, the plants, and the ground itself. These two cities are the victims of divine
judgment for their sins. They have brought this upon themselves by their rejection of Jehovah.
The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah stands as an eternal example unto all men of the judgment of the Lord
which will be visited upon the disobedient, whether it be the temporal visitations of God’s judgment upon
nations [Deuteronomy 29:23; Isaiah 13:19; Ezekiel 16:49,50; Amos 4:11], or the eternal visitation of God’s
judgment upon all the wicked when all men shall stand before the judgment seat of Christ [2 Corinthians 5:10; 2
Peter 2:6; Jude 7]. Especially should those who would practice or defend homosexuality take note of Jude 7:
“Even as Sodom and Gomarrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication,
and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.”

LOT’S WIFE

One of the briefest accounts of an action in Scripture is one of the most memorable: “But his wife looked back
from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.” They had been warned not to look back. She did. She paid the
consequence. Lot and his wife had other children in Sodom who did not come with them. She had children who
were being destroyed by fire and brimstone. Her home was being destroyed. A good case could be made for her
being spared based upon an emotional appeal – the same type of appeal many people make today, in order to
try to defeat the necessity of obeying what God has specifically stated, such as being baptized. However well
the appeal might be made, it makes no difference, she became a pillar of salt. Emotional ties are no excuse for
disobedience to God.

Jesus, in speaking of the destruction of Jerusalem uses Lot’s wife as an illustration to impress upon the
disciples minds that obedience to his intructions of flight from that city were absolutely necessary if they were
to survive [Luke 17:32].

MOAB AND BEN-AMMI (INCEST OF LOT’S DAUGHTERS)

Following the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, even though Lot had plead with the Lord to be able to dwell
in Zoar, he was scared to stay there and went to the mountains and lived in a cave. There his daughters
conceived the plan to become pregnant by their father in order that he might have posterity. They made Lot
drunk on two successive nights, taking turns lying with their father, conceiving Moab and Ben-Ammi. These
two are the beginning fo the nations of the Moabites and the Ammonites.
Commentary