|The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not
remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high
day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be
taken away. (32) Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of
the other which was crucified with him. (33) But when they came to Jesus, and
saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: (34) But one of the
soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and
water. (35) And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he
knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe.
(36) For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of
him shall not be broken.
(37) And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they
(38) And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly
for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus:
and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
(39) And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night,
and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.
(40) Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the
spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. (41) Now in the place where he
was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein
was never man yet laid. (42) There laid they Jesus therefore because of the
Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.
A Spear Pierced His Side
The day that Jesus died on the cross, was the day of preparation for the Passover. They did not
wish the bodies to hang on the crosses in Jerusalem during the Passover, so they asked that the
legs of those who were currently hanging on the crosses be broken to hasten their death. They
broke the legs of the thieves who were crucified with Jesus; but, they found Jesus already dead
when they came to Him. In order to ensure that He was dead, one of the soldiers took a spear and
thrust it into Jesus’ side. Blood and water came out of His side.
1 John 5:6 This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ; not by water only, but
by water and blood. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.
This is he that came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ. The subject of faith in Christ calls out
a statement concerning some of the constantly testifying witnesses of Christ. The water and the
blood refer primarily to the baptism that revealed him at the beginning of his earthly ministry and
the blood which he shed at its close. John came baptizing in order that Christ should be made
manifest (Joh_1:31). It was while in the waters of the Jordan that Christ was manifested and
anointed. On the cross flowed the water and the blood (Joh_19:34). Two rites, both monumental
institutions, hence both of them witnesses, testify of him. We are baptized into his death (Rom_6:1-
3); the Lord's Supper points to his shed blood.
Not by water only, but by water and blood. The revelation of Christ in water at the baptism does not
stand alone; Calvary came also with its shedding of blood.
It is the Spirit that beareth witness. Witness is usually borne in words. The Spirit which descended
on the apostles on Pentecost bore witness with mighty power that the crucified Jesus was Lord
and Christ (Act_2:4; Act_4:31; Act_5:32).
B. W. Johnson
It is Jesus’ blood that is the offering for our sin (i.e., the sin of the world). That blood is contacted in
the water of baptism.
Ephesians 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave
himself for it; (26) That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,
(27) That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such
thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
Titus 3:4-6 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, (5) Not
by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the
washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; (6) Which he shed on us abundantly
through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
A Bone Shall Not Be Broken
The Passover Lamb was a type of Jesus’ sacrifice upon the cross. Sacrifices under the Old
Covenant needed to be without a blemish or broken bone. God would only accept the best of the
flock. Neither would Jesus have a broken bone.
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God,
which taketh away the sin of the world.
1 Corinthians 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are
unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:
Exodus 12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh
abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.
Him Whom They Pierced
They pierced the hands and feet of Jesus with the nails which fastened Him to the cross; but, they
also pierced His side with a spear. The spear punctured the paracardium (the sac filled with fluid
surrounding the heart) and His heart – thus, both “water” and blood came out from His side. A
spear into the heart would verify that Jesus was dead, and had not just swooned (as Muslims
John makes a point of this fact. He was an eye-witness to the fact. It is true. You can believe it. You
can know Jesus died on the cross.
This, too, was a matter of prophecy.
Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of
Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they
have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in
bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.
Joseph of Arimathaea
9. Joseph of Arimathaea, a rich and pious Israelite, probably a member of the Great Council or
Sanhedrin. He is further characterized as "a good man and a just." Luk_23:50. We are expressly
told that he did not "consent to the counsel and deed" of his colleagues in conspiring to bring
about the death of Jesus; but he seems to have lacked the courage to protest against their
On the very evening of the crucifixion, when the triumph of the chief priests and rulers seemed
complete, Joseph "went in boldly unto Pilate and craved the body of Jesus." Pilate consented.
Joseph and Nicodemus then, having enfolded the sacred body in the linen shroud which Joseph
had bought, consigned it to a tomb hewn in a rock, in a garden belonging to Joseph, and close to
the place of crucifixion. There is a tradition that he was one of the seventy disciples.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
Nicode'mus. (conqueror of the people). A Pharisee, a ruler of the Jews and a teacher of Israel,
Joh_3:1; Joh_3:10, whose secret visit to our Lord was the occasion of the discourse, recorded
only by St. John. In Nicodemus, a noble candor and a simple love of truth shine out, in the midst of
hesitation and fear of man. He finally became a follower of Christ, and came with Joseph, of
Arimathaea, to take down and embalm the body of Jesus.
Smith’s Bible Dictionary
A New Sepulchre
Joseph provided the grave in the cemetery adjoining Golgotha. Nicodemus provided the spices –
one hundred pounds worth. They would wrap the body with these spices (it would reduce the
Isaiah 53:9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he
had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
Galatians 3:26-27 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. (27) For as many
of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.