The Epistle
of 1 Timothy
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Timothy, First Epistle to

Paul in this epistle speaks of himself as having left Ephesus for Macedonia (1Ti 1:3), and hence
not Laodicea, as mentioned in the subscription; but probably Philippi, or some other city in that
region, was the place where this epistle was written. During the interval between his first and
second imprisonments he probably visited the scenes of his former labours in Greece and Asia,
and then found his way into Macedonia, whence he wrote this letter to Timothy, whom he had left
behind in Ephesus.

It was probably written about A.D. 66 or 67.

The epistle consists mainly, (1) of counsels to Timothy regarding the worship and organization of
the Church, and the responsibilities resting on its several members; and (2) of exhortation to
faithfulness in maintaining the truth amid surrounding errors.

        Easton Bible Dictionary
Timothy Tim'othy.

The disciple thus named was the son of one of those mixed marriages which, though
condemned by stricter Jewish opinion were yet not uncommon in the later periods of Jewish
history. The father's name is unknown; he was a Greek, i.e. a Gentile, by descent. ( Ac 16:1,3 )
The absence of any personal allusion to the father in the Acts or Epistles suggests the
inference that he must have died or disappeared during his son's infancy. The care of the boy
thus devolved upon his mother Eunice and her mother Lois. ( 2 Ti 1:5 )

Under their training his education was emphatically Jewish. "From a child" he learned to
"know the Holy Scriptures" daily. The language of the Acts leaves it uncertain whether Lystra
or Derbe was the residence of the devout family. The arrival of Paul and Barnabas in Lycaonia,
A.D. 44, (  Ac 14:6 ) brought the message of glad tidings to Timothy and his mother, and they
received it with "unfeigned faith." ( 2Ti 1:5 )

During the interval of seven years between the apostle's first and second journeys the boy
grew up to manhood. Those who had the deepest insight into character, and spoke with a
prophetic utterance, pointed to him,  (  1 Ti 1:18; 4:14 )as others had pointed before to Paul and
Barnabas, (  Ac 13:2 ) as specially fit for the missionary work in which the apostle was
engaged. Personal feeling led St. Paul to the same conclusion, ( Ac 16:3 ) and he was solemnly
set apart to do the work and possibly to bear the title of evangelist.  (  1 Ti 4:14; 2 Ti 1:6; 4:5 )

A great obstacle, however, presented itself. Timothy, though reckoned as one of the seed of
Abraham, had been allowed to grow up to the age of manhood without the sign of
circumcision. With a special view to the feelings of the Jews making no sacrifice of principle,
the apostle, who had refused to permit the circumcision of Titus, "took and circumcised"
Timothy. ( Ac 16:3 ) Henceforth Timothy was one of his most constant companions. They and
Silvanus, and probably Luke also, journeyed to Philippi, (  Ac 16:12 ) and there the young
evangelist was conspicuous at once for his filial devotion and his zeal. ( Phm 1:25 )
His name does not appear in the account of St. Paul's work at Thessalonica, and it is possible
that he remained some time at Philippi. He appears, however, at Berea, and remains there
when Paul and Silas are obliged to leave, ( Ac 17:14 ) going afterward to join his master at
Athens. (  1 Th 3:2 )

From Athens he is sent back to Thessalonica, ibid., as having special gifts for comforting and
teaching. He returns from Thessalonica, not to Athens, but to Corinth, and his name appears
united with St. Paul's in the opening words of both the letters written from that city to the
Thessalonians, ( 1 Th 1:1; 2 Th 1:1 )

Of the next five years of his life we have no record. When we next meet with him, it is as being
sent on in advance when the apostle was contemplating the long journey which was to include
Macedonia, Achaia, Jerusalem and Rome.  (  Ac 19:22 )

It is probable that he returned by the same route and met St. Paul according to a previous
arrangement, (  1 Co 16:11 ) and was thus with him when the Second Epistle was written to the
church of Corinth. (   2 Co 1:1 )

He returns with the apostle to that city, and joins in messages of greeting to the disciples
whom he had known personally at Corinth, and who had since found their way to Rome. ( Ro
16:21 )

He forms one of the company of friends who go with St. Paul to Philippi, and then sail by
themselves, waiting for his arrival by a different ship. ( Ac 20:3-6 )

The absence of his name from ( Ac 27:1 ) ... leads to the conclusion that he did not share in the
perilous voyage to Italy. He must have joined the apostle, however, apparently soon after his
arrival at Rome, and was with him when the Epistles to the Philippians, to the Colossians and
to Philemon were written.  ( Phm 1:1,25; Col 1:1 )

Phil. ver. 1. All the indications of this period point to incessant missionary activity. From the
two Epistles addressed to Timothy we are able to put together a few notices as to his later
from  ( 1 Ti 1:3 ) that he and his master after the release of the latter from his imprisonment, A.
D. 63, revisited proconsular Asia; that the apostle then continued his Journey to Macedonia,
while the disciple remained, half reluctantly, even weeping at the separation, ( 2 Ti 1:4 ) at
Ephesus, to check, if possible, the outgrowth of heresy and licentiousness which had sprung
up there. The position in which he found himself might well make him anxious. He used to rule
presbyters most of whom were older than himself ( 1 Ti 4:12 )

Leaders of rival sects were there. The name of his beloved teacher was no longer honored as
it had been. We cannot wonder that the apostle, knowing these trials should be full of anxiety
and fear for his disciple's steadfastness. In the Second Epistle to him, A.D. 67 or 68, this deep
personal feeling utters itself yet more fully. The last recorded words of the apostle express
the earnest hope, repented yet more earnestly, that he might see him once again.  ( 2 Ti 4:9,21 )

We may hazard the conjecture that he reached him in time, and that the last hours of the
teacher were soothed by the presence of the disciple whom he loved so truly. Some writers
have seen in ( Heb 13:23) an indication that he even shared St. Paul's imprisonment, and was
released from it by the death of Nero. Beyond this all is apocryphal and uncertain. He
continued, according to the old traditions, to act as bishop of Ephesus, and died a martyr's
death under Domitian or Nerva. A somewhat startling theory as to the intervening period of his
life has found favor with some. If he continued, according to the received tradition, to be
bishop of Ephesus, then he, and no other, must have been the "angel" of the church of
Ephesus to whom the message of  ( Re 2:1-7 ) was addressed.

Smith’s Bible Dictionary
The Epistle of Paul 1st Timothy
Teach No Other Doctrine
Godly Edifying
  Public Worship
       Church Officers
            Departing the Faith
                 Taking Care of Your Own
                      Exhortations of Brethren
Be thou an example
The Believers
Teach No Other Doctrine

Hymanaeus and Alexander are specifically mentioned as two who have begun to teach another
doctrine. Whether fables, or genealogies, or whatever the source; nothing other than the word of
God is to be taught. It alone provides the proper spiritual diet.

Godly Edifying

Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of
faith unfeigned: (1 Timothy 1:5 KJV) Love should emanate out of heart-felt motives, allowing a
clear conscience because of the proper actions and the forgiveness through the blood of Christ,
and a genuine faith in God and in His Son.

Public Worship

The instructions of chapter two center around actions in the public assembly, in particular the
actions of men and women.

Church Officers

The qualifications of the elders and deacons are specified, as well as a description of how the
evangelist should act. These are not just suggestions, they are qualifications that must be met by
each and every one who would be in the position.

Departing the Faith

The spirit of apostasy has already begun. Enumerating various doctrines which began in the first
century and have persisted throughout the years, Paul warns the young evangelist to avoid them,
and to pay attention to what he is saying, and doing.

Taking Care of Your Own

Benevolence is the responsibility of the church, but it begins at home. Each Christian is
responsible for his own family.

Exhortations to Brethren

Paul encourages all to fight the good fight of faith, especially Timothy.

Be Thou An Example of the Believers

There must be a consistency between what is taught and what is practiced. Both provide
instruction in a different form. Teaching without example is hypocrisy.