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First Peter
Chapter 1
verses 1-2
Verses 1-2

“Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus,
Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, elect according to the foreknow-ledge of
God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling
of the blood of Jesus Christ: grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied” (1 Peter 1:

Peter was the name Jesus gave to Simon.

“When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples,
saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? And they said, Some say
that thou art John the Baptist: some Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the
prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter
answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus
answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood
hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also
unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the
gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the
kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in
heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven”
(Matthew 16:13-19).

Peter’s name petra, means stone -- petros, means rock. It was upon the rock of
Peter’s confession that the church would be built.

“For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ” (1
Corinthians 3:11; Ephesians 2:19-22).

Peter answered correctly and was told he would open the kingdom, the church
(“the keys of the kingdom of heaven”), which he did on the day of Pentecost (Acts

The power of loosing and binding on earth was not only given to Peter but to all
the apostles (Matthew 18:18). It was the promise of inspiration. They could only
loose that which heaven loosed, and they could only bind what heaven bound.
They were given a delegated power which was restricted by heaven.

As an apostle (“one sent out”) of Jesus Christ, Peter received the power from on
high (Acts 1) to teach the gospel as a witness of the resurrection. He was
especially selected emissary or missionary of the gospel.

“And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, that ye which have followed me,
in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye
also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel” (Matthew 19:

The apostles held a position in the church universal that was uniquely theirs. After
the first century and the death of the twelve, there were no more apostles.
Matthias replaced Judas, but no one replaced anyone else.

Peter did not have a place of preeminence among the apostles. There is no
scriptural or historic evidence of Peter being a universal head the church, or the

Peter wrote to the strangers or pilgrims scattered.

In Acts 8:1, Luke recorded: “And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that
time there was a great  persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem;
and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judea and Samaria,
except the apostles.”

Persecution caused the church to scatter, both the persecution from the Jews and
the Romans, as well as the pagans.

The provinces Peter refers to make up the northern half of the Turkish peninsula.
The Christians were “elect.” They were selected by God. They were “the called
out,” the church. God’s foreknowledge saw the selection of the Christians by the
gospel. The selection, the election, was their obedience which was their

“Sanctification” is the making holy of the people of God. Christians are made holy
by the forgiveness of sin. It is the grace of God in Jesus Christ, the gift of His Son
on the cross and the good news (the gospel) which accompanies it (the New
Testament) that has been provided by the Holy Spirit that allows Chris-tians to
stand holy before God.

The Holy Spirit teaches men to be obedient to the gospel. To do those things
which Jesus taught.

“Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of
heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many will say
to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy
name have cast out devils? And in thy name done many wonderful works? And
then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work
iniquity. Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I
will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: and the rain des-
cended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and
it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. And every one that heareth these
sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which
built his house upon the sand: and the rain descended, and the floods came, and
the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it”
(Matthew 7:21-29).

“And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?” (Luke 6:46;
Matthew 28:18-20).

One of the worst doctrines to permeate “Christiani-ty” is the idea that one does
not need to obey the gospel. Nothing further from the truth is to be found in all of  
the Bible. Every portion of the New Testa-ment teaches obedience to the
teachings (doctrine of Jesus. The idea that obedience or non-obedience does not
effect you salvation is foreign to the teach-ing of Jesus and the apostles.
“And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them
that obey him;” (He-brews 5:9).

“Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not
God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the
Son. If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into
your house, nei-ther bid him God speed: for he that biddeth him God speed is
partaker of his evil deeds” (2 John 9-11).

“Sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ” is not equal to the sprinkling of water in
baptism. Baptism as it is described in the New Testament is always a submer-sion
or immersion (Acts 8:38; Romans 6:1-4; Colos-sians 2:12). Sprinkling of blood is
a reference to the purification practiced in the Old Testament (Leviti-cus 10; 16;
see also Hebrews 12:24). Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross was the type of all the
sacrifices of the Old Testament. The sacrifices of the Old Testament were
antetypes to show the efficacy of the death of Jesus on the cross. As the blood
was sprinkled at the mercy seat, and the blood was sprinkled with the turtle
doves, so the blood of Jesus is sprinkled to appeal unto God for our cleansing
and sanctification.

Well wishes to the people of God are given in the words: “Grace unto you and
peace, be multiplied.”