The Epistle
of 2 Peter
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It must be admitted at the very outset that the evidence is meager. The first writer who mentions
it by name is Origen (circa 240 AD). In his homily on Josh, he speaks of the two Epistles of
Peter. In another place he quotes 2Pe 1:4: "partakers of the divine nature," and gives it the name
of Scripture. But Origen is careful to say that its authority was questioned: "Peter has left one
acknowledged Epistle, and perhaps a second, for this is contested." Eusebins, bishop of
Caesarea, regarded it with even more suspicion than did Origen, and accordingly he placed it
among the disputed books (Antilegomena). Jerome knew the scruples which many entertained
touching the Epistle, but notwithstanding, he included it in his Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible,
390-405 A.D.) Version. The main reason for Jerome's uncertainty about it he states to be
"difference of style from 1 Peter." He accounts for the difference by supposing that the apostle
"made use of two different interpreters." As great teachers and scholars as Origen, Eusebius,
and Jerome, e.g. Athanasius, Augustine, Epiphanius, Rufinus and Cyril, received it as genuine.
At the Reformation Erasmus rejected 2 Peter; Luther seems to have had no doubt of its
genuineness; while Calvin felt some hesitancy because of the "discrepancies between it and
the First." In the 4th century, two church councils (Laodicea, circa 372, and Carthage, 397)
formally recognized it and placed it in the Canon as equal in authority with the other books of the
New Testament.

2. Modern Opinion:

The opinion of modern scholars as to references in post-apostolic literature to 2 Peter is not
only divided, but in many instances antagonistic. Salmon, Warfield, Zahn and others strongly
hold that such references are to be found in the writings of the 2nd century, perhaps in one or
two documents of the 1st. They insist with abundant proof in support of their contention that
Irenaeus, Justin Martyr, the Shepherd of Hermas, and the Didache, and Clement of Rome, were
all acquainted with the Epistle and made allusions to it in their writings. Weighing as honestly
and as thoroughly as one can the citations made from that literature, one is strongly disposed
to accept the evidence as legitimate and conclusive.

Add to your faith
Prophecy came from God
There shall be false prophets
These things shall be dissolved
Brief Outlines

1.        Exhortation to Spiritual Maturity
2.        Denunciation of False Teachers
3.        Anticipation of Christ’s Return

1.        Make your calling and election sure.
2.        Beware of false prophets.
3.        Be diligent … seeing you look forward
The Seven Christian Virtues
Add to your faith:
Brotherly Kindness

The False Prophets
As in the Old Testament
Many shall follow
Their punishment
Delivery of the godly
Their character
The proverb

The End of All Things
Willful ignorance
The days of Noah
1 day = 1,000 years
This world burned up
What manner of persons
A New Heavens & A New Earth
Wherefore I will not be negligent to put you always in remembrance of these things,
though ye know them, and be established in the present truth.
2 Peter 1:12 KJV
Peter reminds them of what they already knew: 1. God had provided them with everything they
needed. 2. How they could make sure of their salvation 3. The assurance of their foundation.
While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption:
for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.
For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world
through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ,
they are again entangled therein, and overcome,
the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
2 Peter 2:19-20 KJV
False prophets have always been among God’s people, whether in the Old Testament or in the
New Testament. Therefore, remember what you have been taught and do not be deceived. For
as surely as the false prophets will be punished, so will those who follow after them.
This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you;
in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:
That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before
by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and
Saviour: Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers,
walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of his coming?
for since the fathers fell asleep,
all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.
2 Peter 3:1-4 KJV
In addition to the false prophets, there will also be scoffers. They are willfully ignorant of the
scriptures. They have not learned the lessons from the days of Noah. Time has no meaning to
God. Jesus will return, and this world will be no longer. Therefore, live accordingly. We look for a
better existence in a new realm.
Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before,
beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked,
fall from your own stedfastness.
But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.
2 Peter 3:17-18 KJV
Remember what I have said, and be forewarned. Stay stedfast. Grow in your faith. Grow in your
knowledge. Grow in the Lord.