19:16 - 20:20
God at Sinai
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 6 days you shall labor, and do all your work:
but the 7th day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work,
you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your
cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates: for in 6 days the LORD made heaven
and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the 7th day: for that reason the
LORD blessed the sabbath day, and made it holy.
Remember the 7th [for that is what sabbath means] day, to keep it holy. Israel was to
work 6 days, but the 7th day belonged to God. They were not to work on the 7th day,
either themselves or anyone who worked for them, whether it is relative or servant or
employee or slave or even their animals. No one within their cities. No one within their
country. The LORD had created the heavens and the earth in 6 days and rested the 7th,
and so they were to do the same. They were to keep the 7th day holy.
The 7th day was the day of worship for Israel. This was the day they were to remember
God and all that He had done for them.
The worship of God was a weekly observance for the Jews. The LORD required them to
worship Him as a people weekly.
Let us hold firm the profession of our faith without wavering (for He is faithful Who
promised;) and let us consider one another to provoke to love and to good works: not
forsaking the assembling of ourselves together as the habit of some is; but exhorting
one another: and so much the, as you see the day approaching. [Hebrews 10:23-25]
And on the 1st day of the week, when the disciples assembled to break bread [observe the
Lord's Supper], Paul preached to them, ready to leave on the next day; and continued
his speech until midnight." [Acts 20:7]
Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I gave the order to the churches of
Galatia, you do the same. On the 1st day of the week let every one of you place by him
in the treasury, as God has prospered him, that there be no collection when I come. [1
The assembly of the church under the New Covenant was on the 1st day of the week,
rather than upon the 7th day as did Israel. The signal event of the Old Covenant is the
creation. The signal event of the New Covenant is the resurrection. Thus the day of
worship under the Old Covenant remembered the creation with the resting on the 7th day;
and, the day of worship under the New Covenant remembers the resurrection with the
Lord's Supper on the 1st day.
In fact, Paul makes a point to show that we are no longer held to the sabbath:
Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of
the new moon, or of the sabbath days: which are a shadow of things to come; but the
body is of Christ." [Colossians 2:16,17]
This command is the only one not repeated in the New Covenant.
Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on the land which the
LORD your God gives you.
Pay the proper respect to your father and your mother.
Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. Honor your father and your
mother; which is the 1st commandment with promise; that it may be well with you, and
you may live long on the earth." [Ephesians 6:1-3]
Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is well pleasing to the Lord."
Children are to obey their parents. Parents are to make their children obey.
The basic relationship of any society is the relationship between parent and child. When
the relationship between parent and child breaks down, society will follow. Respect for
authority is learned from the parent/child relationship. This means respect for God, and
respect for law.
Think of how difficult it is for someone to understand the relationship which we have with
God when they do not have a loving father. Think of the difficulty in understanding the
concept of God as "our heavenly Father." If they have not experienced what a loving
father can do, and how he acts, it makes the relationship between God as our spiritual
Father and we as His adopted children a representation which they have no experience to
relate. Thus, the relationship between father and child, and between mother and child has
far reaching implications spiritually.
It also has far reaching implications socially. The only common denominator of those in
jail is that they did not have a consistent positive male role model. If a child does not learn
to obey and respect their parents, it makes it difficult for them to learn to obey and respect
teachers, employers, and laws. They have not learned the basics of submission to the
authority of another.
Sometimes people wonder why obedience to parents is a part of the 10 commandments
given at Mount Sinai by God; but, when you look at the far reaching ramifications of
respect for authority that children learning to obey has, it becomes apparent why God
What a child learns when it is young sets its personality patter for life in most cases. It
becomes very difficult to relearn that behavior.
When I was just about to enter my teen years, my aunt brought my cousin over to the
house one Friday night and asked my dad to take him for the weekend and "straighten him
out." Day's reply was, "Sis, I can't straighten out in 2 days what took you 16 years to
God's command is to not "mess up" the children. They are to learn obedience.
This command also includes the responsibility of children to take care of their parents
when they can no longer take care of themselves.
But if any widow have children or grandchildren, let them learn first to show piety at
home, and to care for their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God. ... But
if any provide not for his own, and especially those of his own house, he has denied the
faith, and is worse than an infidel. (1 Timothy 5:4-8)
It is sad to see parents who are ignored by their children, or cast aside. Those parents
who sacrificed and cared for their children should now be cared for by them.
You shall not kill.
Life is sacred. It is the gift of God. It is to be protected. It is to be treasured.
The command is to not take human life lightly or frivilously. Animals were given for their
flesh to eat. God inadvertently shows this in telling Peter to rise, kill and eat (Acts 10).
The flow of blood from the door of the tabernacle, and later from the temple, as the
sacrifices commanded by God were made shows that this command applies to human life
Yet, there are times when the taking of human life is sanctioned by God. The penalty for
the breaking of any of the commandments God gives from Mount Sinai is death by stoning.
God had plainly told Noah that killing demanded capital punishment:
Surely for your lifeblood I will demand a reckoning; from the hand of every beast I will
require it, and from the hand of man. From the hand of every man's brother I will
require the life of man. Whoever sheds man's blood, by man his blood shall be shed;
for in the image of God He made man. (Genesis 9:5-6)
As Israel enters the Promised Land, they are told by God to utterly destroy the inhabitants:
the penalty for their idolatry.
Thus, there is a time and place for the taking of human life, as commanded by God. But,
there is never a time for the taking of innocent life.
Whether it is the passing of children through the fire in sacrificing them to idols, or
whether it is killing child unwanted as it is delivered in Egypt, or whether it is the murder
of unwanted people in mass by totalitarian governments, or whether it is the taking of the
life of the unborn child, or whether it is the "mercy killing" of one who is suffering in this
life,this command prohibits the taking of innocent life.
Continued in Part 3