A New
Covenant II
Hebrews 8
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Hebrews 8:1-13

Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest,
who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of
the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.  For
every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that
this man have somewhat also to offer. For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest,
seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:  Who serve unto the
example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was
about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to
the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. But now hath he obtained a more excellent
ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was
established upon better promises.

For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for
the second. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord,
when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them
by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my
covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will
make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into
their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be
to me a people:  And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his
brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. For
I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I
remember no more. In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now
that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.  (KJV)
The Sacrifices --

•        The sacrifice of the priests vs. the sacrifice of Jesus
OT Reference
Burnt Offering
Lev. 1:1-17; 6:8-13; 8:18-21;
Bull, ram, male bird (dove or
pigeon for the poor); wholly
consumed; no defect.
Voluntary act of worship;
atonement for unintentional sin
in general; expression of
devotion, commitment, and
complete surrender to God.
Grain Offering
Lev. 2:1-16; 6:14-23
Grain, fine flour, olive oil,
incense, baked bread (cakes or
wafers), salt; no yeast or honey;
accompanied burnt offering and
fellowship offering (along with
drink offering).
Voluntary act of worship;
recognition of God's goodness
and provision; devotion to God.
Fellowship Offering
Lev. 3:1-17; 7:11-34
Any animal without defect from
herd or flock; variety of breeds.
Voluntary act of worship;
thanksgiving and fellowship (it
included a communal meal).
Sin Offering
Lev. 4:1-5, 13; 6:25-30; 8:14-17;
1. Young bull; for High Priest
and congregation.
2. Male goat; for leader.
3. Female goat or lamb; for
common person.
4. Dove or pigeon; for the poor.
5. Tenth of an ephah of fine
flour; for the very poor.
Mandatory atonement for
specific unintential sin;
confession of sin; forgiveness of
sin, cleansing from defilement.
Guilt Offering
Lev. 5:14-6:7; 7:1-6
Mandatory atonement for
unintentional sin requiring
restitution; cleansing from
defilement; make restitution; pay
20% fine.
Ephesians 5:1-2 --  Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children; And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath
given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.  (KJV)

Galatians 1:3-5 -- Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ, Who gave himself for our sins,
that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father: To whom be glory for ever and
ever. Amen.  (KJV)

(1 Corinthians 5:7-8) Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our
passover is sacrificed for us:  Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and
wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth. (KJV)

Make All Things According to the Pattern –

God gave a pattern, or blueprint, for the building of the Tabernacle and the Temple. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that God
would also provide a blueprint, or pattern, for the church, which He does.

•        Noah and the Ark
•        Moses and the Tabernacle
•        Solomon and the Temple
•        Apostles and the Church

•        (1 Timothy 1:16) Howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might shew forth all longsuffering, for a
pattern to them which should hereafter believe on him to life everlasting.  (KJV)

•        (Titus 2:6-8) Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded. In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine
shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity, Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be
ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.  (KJV)

•        (1 Thessalonians 1:6-7) And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy
of the Holy Ghost: So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.  (KJV)

•        (1 Thessalonians 2:13-14) For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God
which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in
you that believe. For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have
suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews:  (KJV)

A Better Covenant --

Better Promises –   

•        Which was established upon better promises. The promises in the first covenant pertained mainly to the present life. They
were promises of length of days; of increase of numbers; of seed-time and harvest; of national privileges; and of extraordinary
peace, abundance, and prosperity. That there was also the promise of eternal life it would be wrong to doubt; but this was not the
main thing. In the new covenant, however, the promise of spiritual blessings becomes the principal thing. The mind is directed to
heaven; the heart is cheered with the hopes of immortal life; the favour of God and the anticipation of heaven are secured in the
most ample and solemn manner. – Barnes.

•        (2 Peter 1:3-4) According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the
knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: {to: or, by} Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious
promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through
lust.  (KJV)

•        (1 Timothy 4:8-9) For bodily exercise profiteth little: but godliness is profitable unto all things, having promise of the life that
now is, and of that which is to come.  This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation.  (KJV)
Son of God
Levitical Priesthood
Priesthood After the Order of Melchizedek
Tabernacle of Moses
Tabernacle Made Without Hands
Animal Sacrifice
Christ's Sacrifice
Promise to Come
Promise Realized
Kingdom Moved
Kingdom Unshaken
The Superiority of the New Covenant
The Contrast
Do not fail in unbelief, but continue in true faith