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John 20.1-10
John 20:1-10

The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the
sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.  (2)  Then she runneth, and
cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them,
They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid

(3)  Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre.  (4)  So
they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the
sepulchre.  (5)  And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet
went he not in.  (6)  Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the
sepulchre,and seeth the linen clothes lie,  (7)  And the napkin, that was about his head, not
lying with the linen clothes,but wrapped together in a place by itself.  (8)  Then went in
also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.  

(9)  For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.  

(10)  Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
Mary Magdalene Goes to the Sepulchre

Before dawn on the day following the Sabbath, Mary Magdalene goes to the sepulchre where Jesus was buried. She sees the
stone rolled away from the opening and assumes someone has taken the body of Jesus. Where they have taken His body and laid
it, she does not know.

She runs away, and runs into Peter and John. She tells them what she has seen.

Peter & John Run to the Sepulchre

Peter and John run to the sepulcher. However, John outruns Peter, arriving first; but, he does not enter the grave. Peter enters the
tomb, and sees the burial clothes neatly folded, with the napkin laid off to the side by itself. After Peter has entered, John ventures
in and sees for himself the scene, and believes.

The Linen Clothes

The fact that the scriptures say there were multiple clothes, in addition to the napkin, would eliminate the Shroud of Turin.

He Saw and Believed

John believed because he saw the burial clothes and the napkin for himself. Up to this point they did not know whether Mary was
telling them the truth or not. Seeing the clothes laying there, John believed Jesus was resurrected. There was no denying the

They Knew Not the Scripture

Neither Peter nor John (nor anyone else for that matter, as far as we know) knew the Scripture foretold of the resurrection of
Jesus. At this point they are ignorant of the fact.

On the Day of Pentecost Peter quotes from David a prophecy of the resurrection – after they have received the Holy Spirit.

Went Away Again

After seeing the empty grave, they return to their homes. They go home as though nothing extraordinary has happened. It seems
as though they are numb after their discovery. Neither do they seem to grasp at this time the enormousness of their discovery.

The First Day of the Week

The day following the Sabbath was the first day of the week. Sunday on our calendar. It is because of the resurrection that Sunday
is called the Lord’s Day. It is because of the resurrection that the church gathered on the first day of the week, Sunday. It is
because of the resurrection that the church, when gathered, partook of the memorial feast we call the Lord’s Supper – eating the
unleavened bread, and drinking the fruit of the vine.

Acts 20:7  And upon the first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break bread, Paul discoursed with them,
intending to depart on the morrow; and prolonged his speech until midnight.

1 Corinthians 16:1-2  Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I gave order to the churches of Galatia, so also do ye.  (2)  
Upon the first day of the week let each one of you lay by him in store, as he may prosper, that no collections be made when I come.

Lord's Day

2. Post-Apostolic:

“Lord's day” in the New Testament occurs only in Rev_1:10, but in the post-apostolic literature we have the following
references: Ignatius, Ad Mag., ix.1, “No longer keeping the Sabbath but living according to the Lord's day, on which also our Light
arose”; Ev. Pet., verse 35, “The Lord's day began to dawn” (compare Mat_28:1); verse 50, “early on the Lord's day” (compare
Luk_24:1); Barn 15 9, “We keep the eighth day with gladness,” on which Jesus arose from the dead.” I.e. Sunday, as the day of
Christ's resurrection, was kept as a Christian feast and called “the Lord's day,” a title fixed so definitely as to be introduced by
the author of Ev. Pet. into phrases from the canonical Gospels. Its appropriateness in Rev_1:10 is obvious, as John received his
vision of the exalted Lord when all Christians had their minds directed toward His entrance into glory through the resurrection. …

5. Sunday and the Sabbath:

Sunday, however, was sharply distinguished from the Sabbath. One was the day on which worship was offered in a specifically
Christian form, the other was a day of ritual rest to be observed by all who were subject? the Law of Moses through circumcision
(Gal_5:3; compare Act_21:20). Uncircumcised Gentiles, however, were free from any obligation of Sabbath observance, and it is
quite certain that in apostolic times no renewal of any Sabbath rules or transfer of them to Sunday was made for Gentile
converts. No observance of a particular “day of rest” is contained among the “necessary things” of Act_15:28, Act_15:29, nor is
any such precept found among all the varied moral directions given in the whole epistolary literature. Quite on the contrary, the
observance of a given day as a matter of Divine obligation is denounced by Paul as a forsaking of Christ (Gal_4:10), and Sabbath-
keeping is condemned explicitly in Col_2:16. As a matter of individual devotion, to be sure, a man might do as he pleased
(Rom_14:5, Rom_14:6), but no general rule as necessary for salvation could be compatible with the liberty wherewith Christ has
made us free. Evidently, then, the fact that the Christian worship was held on Sunday did not sanctify Sunday any more than
(say) a regular Wednesday service among us sanctifies Wednesday, noting especially that the apostolic service was held in the
evening. …

        International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

The Power of the Resurrection

Jesus is declared to be the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead. No other fact of the doctrine of Christ is
more central to the gospel than this. If the grave was not empty, Christianity is a farce. If the grave was not empty, Jesus could
not be Who He claimed to be – the only-begotten Son of God. If the grave was not empty, we have no forgiveness of sin, and
remain separated by our sins from God.

Romans 1:1-7  Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,  (2)  which he promised
afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures,  (3)  concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the
flesh,  (4)  who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the
dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord,  (5)  through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience of faith among all the
nations, for his name's sake;  (6)  among whom are ye also, called to be Jesus Christ's:  (7)  to all that are in Rome, beloved of
God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

1 Corinthians 15:1-18  Now I make known unto you brethren, the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye received,
wherein also ye stand,  (2)  by which also ye are saved, if ye hold fast the word which I preached unto you, except ye believed in
vain.  (3)  For I delivered unto you first of all that which also I received: that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;  
(4)  and that he was buried; and that he hath been raised on the third day according to the scriptures;  (5)  and that he appeared to
Cephas; then to the twelve;  (6)  then he appeared to above five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain until
now, but some are fallen asleep;  (7)  then he appeared to James; then to all the apostles;  (8)  and last of all, as to the child
untimely born, he appeared to me also.  (9)  For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I
persecuted the church of God.  (10)  But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not
found vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.  (11)  Whether then it
be I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.  (12)  Now if Christ is preached that he hath been raised from the dead, how say
some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?  (13)  But if there is no resurrection of the dead, neither hath Christ
been raised:  (14)  and if Christ hath not been raised, then is our preaching vain, your faith also is vain.  (15)  Yea, and we are
found false witnesses of God; because we witnessed of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the
dead are not raised.  (16)  For if the dead are not raised, neither hath Christ been raised:  (17)  and if Christ hath not been raised,
your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.  (18)  Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ have perished.