Biblical Commentary        
Luke 23:50-24:49

The Resurrection
Left: The tomb of Joseph of Arimathea
Joseph of Arimathea, who was a member of the Jewish Council (the Sanhedrin), asked Pilate
for the body of Jesus. Joseph is described as a good and just man who was waiting for the
kingdom of God. He did not consent to the decision of the council to deliver Jesus to death. He
took the body of Jesus, and laid it in his own tomb, which had never been used.

Because the Sabbath was closing in, and there was need to prepare for the Sabbath, Jesus
was wrapped in linen cloths without the normal preparation of oils and spices. However, the
women who had followed Jesus from Galilee noted where the body was laid. They prepared
the burial mixtures, but rested the Sabbath before returning to the tomb.

Early on the day after the Sabbath they returned to the tomb, and found the large stone at the
opening of the tomb removed. Going into the tomb they did not find the body of Jesus.
As they were wondering what was going on, two men stood by them in "shining   garments",   
scaring   them.

The men said, "Why do you week the living among the dead? He is not here, but is risen!
Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee, saying, The Son of Man must be
delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again."

Then they remembered what Jesus said.

Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women told the apostles
and disciples what they had seen, but they thought they were telling tales.

Peter ran to the tomb, and stooping down looked into the tomb. He saw the linen cloths lying by
themselves, and left wondering what had happened.

Cleopas and another disciple were walking along the road to Emmaus that same day talking
about what they knew. Jesus then joined them, but they did not know who He was.  Jesus
asked them what they were talking about, and why they were sad.  Cleopas thought that He
must be the only person in Jerusalem not to know what had happened. He then spoke to Him
about Jesus, saying, "...we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel." Then
he repeated what the women had seen.

Jesus replied to them, "0 foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have
spoken! Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?" And
Jesus revealed to them all that Moses and the prophets had written concerning the Christ in
the Scriptures.

As they approached Emmaus, Jesus was going to travel on, but they urged Him to stay the
night with them. Going into the village, they sat down to eat. When they did, they realized that it
was Jesus who had walked with them. And, he disappeared.

They had realized there was something special about Him when he had spoke to them about
the Scriptures, and now they realized what. So, they immediately returned to Jerusalem to let
the apostles know that Jesus had appeared to Peter, and recounted their encounter.

As they were telling the other apostles about the incident, Jesus appeared, and they thought
they were seeing a ghost.

Jesus said, "Why are you troubled? And why do doubts arise in your hearts? Behold My hands
and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as
you see I have.... Have you any food here?"

So Jesus ate a piece of broiled fish and a piece of honeycomb to convince them He was alive;
because they thought it was just too good to be true, and couldn't believe their eyes.

Jesus told them, "These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all
things ust be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms
concerning Me. ... Thus it is written and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise
from the dead the third day, and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in
His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And you are witnesses of these things.

Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are
endued with power from on high." With these words, He gave them the ability to understand the

The disciples were slow to believe in the resurrection. Only when they saw Jesus for
themselves, only when they felt his body, only when they saw Him eat, did they finally
understand that this is what the Scriptures taught about the Christ and what Jesus had told
them would happen. They had to be convinced, and they were convinced with undeniable

Thus, John decades later states: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard,
which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled,
concerning the Word of life -- the life was manifested, and we have seen, and bear witness,
and declare to you that eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us -- that
which we have seend and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with the
Father and with His Son Jesus Christ.  And these things we write to you that your joy may be
full. [1 John 1:1-4]
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