The last twelve books of the Old Testament are the Minor Prophets. The difference between
the Major Prophets and the Minor Prophets is length, not importance.
Hosea prophesied unto Israel during the reign of Jeroboam the son of Joash (Jereboam II).
Hosea addresses: 1) Israel's unfaithfulness to God; 2) the end of Israel; and, 3) Israel's need
Joel prophesied unto the nation of Judah. Joel addresses: 1) the wrath of God to be
outpoured upon Judah for her sins; 2) Judah's need to repent; 3) the blessings of God to be
granted in repentance; and 4) the coming of the new dispensaiton (the Present or Christian
Amos prophesies to the nation of Israel in the reign of Jeroboam (Jeroboam II). Amos
addresses: 1) Syria; 2) the Philistines, 3) Tyre, 4) Edom, 5) Ammon, 6) Moab, 7) Judah, 8)
Israel's sins, 9) the need of Israel to repent, 10) the conflict between Amos and Amaziah, 11)
Israel's end; and, 12) the restoration to Jerusalem.
Obadiah prophesies against Edom for their destruction of Judah. Obadiah closes with a
prophesy concerning the kingdom of Christ.
Jonah prophesies concerning the city of Nineveh. Jonah, although a prophet from Israel, was
sent to the Gentile city of Nineveh. The story of his attempted escape, being swallowed by a
great fish, is one of the best known in all the Bible. It is symbolic of Christ's resurrection.
Jonah addresses the results of repentance toward God, even among the Gentiles.
Micah prophesied unto the nation of Judah in the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah.
Micah addresses: 1) the sins of Israel, 2) the coming of the kingdom of God "in the last days"
or Christian Dispensation, 3) the birth of the Christ, 4) the overthrow of Israel, and, 5) the
Nahum prophesied of the destruction of Nineveh. the time had come for the wrath of God to be
poured out upon this Gentile city.
Habakkuk prophesied concerning the Chaldeans. Habakkuk addresses: 1) the sins of the
children of Israel, 2) the coming judgment of God through the Chaldeans (Babylonians); 3) "the
just shall live by faith", and 4) a prayer for the restoration of God's people.
Zephaniah prophesied to the nation of Judah during the reign of Josiah the son of Amon.
Zephaniah addresses: 1) the sins of Judah, 2) Judah's coming destruction, 3) the need of
repentance in Judah, 4) the Philistines, 5) Moab, 6) Egpyt, 7) Assyria, and 8) the promise to the
Haggai prophesied to the children of Israel after the return from captivity as they are rebuilding
Jerusalem. Haggai addresses: 1) the reason for a recent drought, 2) the glory of the temple, 3)
the need to work on the temple, and 4) prophesies concerning the coming Messiah.
Zechariah prophesies to the children of Israel after the return from captivity as they are
rebuilding Jerusalem. Zechariah records: 1) several visions, 2) the need for fasting, 3)
theneed to rebuild Jerusalem, and 4) prophesies concerning the coming Messiah.
Malachi prophesis to the children of Israel after the return from captivity as they are rebuilding
Jerusalem. Malachi addresses: 1) the sins of the children of Israel, and 2) the preparation for
and the coming of Christ.