The twenty-seven books which comprise the New Testament were written by eight
different men, apostles and inspired evangelists (known also as prophets), over a
period of not more than seventy years, and as few as thirty years. The books of
the New Testament were written in Greek, in the period known as Koine, or
The twenty-seven books of the New Testament are generally divided into four
sections in the English Bible: 1) The Gospels, or Biographies; 2) The History
of the Church; 3) The Epistles, or Letters (sometimes further divided into two
sections: Paul's Epistles and the General, or Catholic Epistles), and, 4) The
The Gospels consist of four books: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
The History of the Church consists of one book: Acts of the Apostles.
The Epistles consist of twenty-one books: the fourteen epistles of Paul (Romans,
1&2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1&2
Thessalonians, 1&2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon and Hebrews) and the seven books
of the General Epistles (James, 1&2 Peter, 1&2&3 John, and Jude).
The Prophecy consists of one book: Revelation.
In order to understand the New Testament, it is necessary to see who each of
these divisions fit together for form the unit which is the New Testament. Each
division has its purpose and peculiarities. These need to be remembered as
each book is studied, to obtain the proper perspective on its contents. But, first,
we must look at the overall purpose of the New Testament.
The purpose of the New Testament
From the promise of the seed of the woman in Genesis 3:15 to the prophecy of
the Sun of righteousness in Malachi 4:2, the Messianic prophetcies of the Old
Testament point to the salvation that would come through Jesus of Nazareth (Acts
The New Testament is the record of the fulfillment of the prophecies of the Old
Testament in the birth, life, death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus of
Nazareth; as well as the new law which those facts ushered in.
For if the first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the
second. For finding fault with them, He saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord,
when I make a new covenant with the house of Judah: not according to the covenant that
I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the
land of Egypt; because they continued not in My covenant, and I regarded them not, saith
the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those
days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts:
and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: and they shall not teach
every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall
know me, from the least to the greatest. For I will be merciful to their righteousness, and
their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. In that he saith, A new covenant, He
hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away
Covenant and testament are interchangable. The first covenant is the Old
Testament, and the new covenant is the New Testament. The New Testament is
the part of the Bible that we live under, and that we will be judged by (John