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Character Studies
Satan


The Serpent is like Melchizedek – Without father, without mother,
without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life.
There has been much speculation about where and how the
Serpent, Satan, the Devil, came into existence; but, the vacuum in
Scripture about it is just as large.

SATAN
sa'-tan (saTan), "adversary," from the verb saTan, "to lie in wait" (as
adversary); Satan, Satanas, "adversary," diabolos, "Devil,"
"adversary" or "accuser," kategor (altogether unclassical and
unGreek) (used once in Re 12:10), "accuser"): …
I. Definition.
A created but superhuman, personal, evil, world-power, represented
in Scripture as the adversary both of God and men.
II. Scriptural Facts concerning Satan.
1. Names of Satan:
The most important of these are the Hebrew and Greek equivalents
noticed above. These words are used in the general sense justified
by their etymological significance. … The word "Satan" is used 24
times in the Old Testament. In Job (1:6 f) and Zec (3:1 f) it has the
prefixed definite article. In all cases but one when the article is
omitted it is used in a general sense. This one exception is 1Ch 21:1
(compare 2Sa 24:1), where the word is generally conceded to be
used as a proper name. This meaning is fixed in New Testament
times. We are thus enabled to note in the term "Satan" (and Devil)
the growth of a word from a general term to an appellation and later
to a proper name. … In the vast majority of passages (70 out of 83)
either Satan or Devil is used.
        International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SATAN
DEVIL
TEMPTER
•        Matthew 4:5
•        1 Thessalonians 3:5
BEELZEBUB
•        Matthew 12:24
ENEMY
•        Matthew 13:29
EVIL ONE
•        Matthew 13:19, 38
•        1 John 2:13-14
•        1 John 3:12
•        1 John 5:18
BELIAL
•        2 Corinthians 6:15
ADVERSARY
•        1 Peter 5:8
DECEIVER
•        Revelation 12:9
DRAGON
•        Revelation 12:3
FATHER OF LIES
•        John 8:44
MURDERER
•        John 8:44
SINNER
•        1 John 3:8
PRINCE OF THE POWER OF AIR
•        Ephesians 2:2
PRINCE OF THIS WORLD
•        John 12:31
•        John 14:30
•        John 16:11

Luke 10:18
I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven. This may be
translated "I was beholding Satan fallen as lightning falls from
heaven." The sense indicates that the words refer to the victories
over the unclean spirits just reported by the seventy. In their
successes Jesus saw Satan falling from the lofty heights with the
swiftness of lightning. The overthrow of Satan was then in progress
(Joh 16:11; 12:31).
The Fourfold Gospel ; p. 473

I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven. Various
interpretations of this statement are given, but it is probable that
Christ refers to the original fall of Satan (Isa 14:12; Jude 1:6). The
victory of his disciples over the demons is the harbinger of another
fall, when Satan and all his works shall be destroyed.
The People’s New Testament with Notes
SATAN