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Salvation in Jude
the Words of the Apostles
The Words of the Apostles

The words of the apostles have come down to us in the writings of the New Testament.

2 Peter 3:1-12  This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:  (2)  
That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the
Lord and Saviour:  (3)  Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,  (4)  And saying,
Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.  
(5)  For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in
the water:  (6)  Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:  (7)  But the heavens and the earth, which are
now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.  (8)  But, beloved,
be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.  (9)  The Lord is not
slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that
all should come to repentance.  (10)  But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away
with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.  (11)  
Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness,  (12)  
Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall
melt with fervent heat?

Ephesians 2:19-22  Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of
God;  (20)  And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;  (21)  In
whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:  (22)  In whom ye also are builded together for an
habitation of God through the Spirit.


Those who would laugh at what was said.

See 2 Peter 3:1-12 above.

2 Timothy 3:1-9  This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.  (2)  For men shall be lovers of their own selves,
covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,  (3)  Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false
accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,  (4)  Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of
God;  (5)  Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.  (6)  For of this sort are they which creep into
houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,  (7)  Ever learning, and never able to come to the
knowledge of the truth.  (8)  Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds,
reprobate concerning the faith.  (9)  But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest unto all men, as theirs also was.
2 Timothy 4:1-8  I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing
and his kingdom;  (2)  Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.  
(3)  For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers,
having itching ears;  (4)  And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.  (5)  But watch thou in all
things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.  (6)  For I am now ready to be offered, and the time
of my departure is at hand.  (7)  I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:  (8)  Henceforth there is laid up
for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also
that love his appearing.

Ungodly Lusts

These individuals would be lead by their own desires, having no respect for God.

Jude 1:4  For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the
grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

Jude 1:14-15  And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his
saints,  (15)  To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have
ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

Mark 4:1-20  And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a
ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land.  (2)  And he taught them many things by parables, and said
unto them in his doctrine,  (3)  Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow:  (4)  And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the
way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up.  (5)  And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and
immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:  (6)  But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it
withered away.  (7)  And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.  (8)  And other fell on good
ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.  (9)  And
he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.  (10)  And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked
of him the parable.  (11)  And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are
without, all these things are done in parables:  (12)  That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not
understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.  (13)  And he said unto them, Know ye not
this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?  (14)  The sower soweth the word.  (15)  And these are they by the way side, where
the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.  (16)  
And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness;  
(17)  And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake,
immediately they are offended.  (18)  And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word,  (19)  And the cares of
this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.  (20)  And
these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty,
and some an hundred.

Romans 1:18-32  For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth
in unrighteousness;  (19)  Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.  (20)  For the
invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal
power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:  (21)  Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither
were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.  (22)  Professing themselves to be wise, they
became fools,  (23)  And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and
fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.  (24)  Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to
dishonour their own bodies between themselves:  (25)  Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature
more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.  (26)  For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women
did change the natural use into that which is against nature:  (27)  And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman,
burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of
their error which was meet.  (28)  And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind,
to do those things which are not convenient;  (29)  Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness,
maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,  (30)  Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters,
inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,  (31)  Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable,
unmerciful:  (32)  Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but
have pleasure in them that do them.

Ephesians 2:1-3  And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;  (2)  Wherein in time past ye walked according to
the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:  (3)  
Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind;
and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Ephesians 4:17-24  This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their
mind,  (18)  Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of
the blindness of their heart:  (19)  Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with
greediness.  (20)  But ye have not so learned Christ;  (21)  If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in
Jesus:  (22)  That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;  (23)  And be
renewed in the spirit of your mind;  (24)  And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.
Titus 2:12-14  Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present
world;  (13)  Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;  (14)  Who gave
himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Galatians 5:16-26  This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.  (17)  For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit,
and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.  (18)  But if ye be
led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.  (19)  Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication,
uncleanness, lasciviousness,  (20)  Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,  (21)  Envyings,
murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do
such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.  (22)  But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness,
faith,  (23)  Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.  (24)  And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the
affections and lusts.  (25)  If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.  (26)  Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one
another, envying one another.


These act like brute beasts, reduced to acting only upon how they feel – not upon reason.


The second of the three terms of condemnation used by St. James (ψυχικος) cannot be adequately rendered in English, for "psychic" or
"psychical" would convey either no meaning or a wrong one. It does not occur in the Septuagint, but is found six times in the New
Testament - four times in the First Epistle to the Corinthians, (1Co_2:14; 1Co_15:44; 1Co_15:46) where most English versions have
"natural"; once in Jude, (Jud_1:19) where Tyndale, Cranmer, and the Genevan have "fleshly," the Rhemish, the Authorized, and the
Revised "sensual"; and once here, where Genevan, Rhemish, Authorized, and Revised all give "sensual," the last placing "natural or
animal" in the margin. When man’s nature is divided into body and soul, or flesh and spirit, every one understands that the body or flesh
indicates the lower and material part, the soul or spirit the higher and immaterial part. But when a threefold division is made, into body,
soul, and spirit, we are apt to allow the more simple and more familiar division to disturb our ideas. "Soul" is allowed to keep its old
meaning, and to be understood as much more allied with "spirit" than with "body" or "flesh." This causes serious misunderstanding.
When the soul is distinguished, not only from the flesh, but from the spirit, it represents a part of our nature which is much more closely
connected with the former than with the latter. The "natural" or "sensual" man, though higher than the carnal man, who is the slave of his
animal passions, is far below the spiritual man, who is ruled by the highest portion of his nature, which is under the guidance of the Holy
Spirit. The natural man does not soar above the things of this world. His inspirations are not heavenly. "Of the earth he is, and of the earth
he speaketh." The wisdom from above is heavenly, spiritual, Divine; the wisdom from below is earthly, sensual, devilish.

(ψυχικος). This word has been already discussed in a previous chapter, in the exposition of the passage where it occurs in the Epistle of
St. Jas_3:15. "Sensual" persons are those who live in the world of sense, and are ruled by human feeling and human reason. They stand
not very much above the carnal, and with them are opposed to the spiritual. In the triplet, carnalis, animalis, spiritalis, the second term is
far more closely allied with the first than the third. It is possible that the libertines, in their travesty of the freedom conferred by the Gospel,
made a special claim to be "spiritual" persons, who were above the restraints of the moral law. They may have held that to their exalted
natures the things of sense were morally indifferent, and might be indulged in without fear of loss or contamination; while they scoffed at
those Christians who were on their guard against such things, and called such Christians psychical or sensuous, because they were
careful about the things of sense. St. Jude tells them that it is they who are sensuous, and not spiritual at all.
        Expositor’s Bible

Build Yourselves Up

In contrast, Christians control themselves – building themselves up through the word of God.

Acts 20:32  And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an
inheritance among all them which are sanctified.

1 Timothy 1:3-4  As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach
no other doctrine,  (4)  Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which is
in faith: so do.


Prayer and communication with God is fundamental to the growth and maintenance of the Christian in his faith.

1 Corinthians 14:14-16  For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.  (15)  What is it then? I will
pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.  (16)  
Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing
he understandeth not what thou sayest?

1 Thessalonians 5:17  Pray without ceasing.

1 Timothy 2:8  I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

James 5:13-18  Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms.  (14)  Is any sick among you? let him call for
the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord:  (15)  And the prayer of faith shall save
the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.  (16)  Confess your faults one to
another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.  (17)  Elias was a
man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three
years and six months.  (18)  And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.

Keep Yourselves in the Love of God

The Christian’s obedience keeps him in the love of God. It is this love that motivates. It is this love that is to be shared.

Romans 5:1-11  Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:  (2)  By whom also we have
access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.  (3)  And not only so, but we glory in tribulations
also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;  (4)  And patience, experience; and experience, hope:  (5)  And hope maketh not
ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.  (6)  For when we were yet
without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.  (7)  For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good
man some would even dare to die.  (8)  But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.  
(9)  Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.  (10)  For if, when we were enemies, we
were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.  (11)  And not only so, but we
also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

2 Corinthians 13:11  Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be of good comfort, be of one mind, live in peace; and the God of love and
peace shall be with you.

2 Thessalonians 3:3-5  But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep you from evil.  (4)  And we have confidence in the Lord
touching you, that ye both do and will do the things which we command you.  (5)  And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and
into the patient waiting for Christ.

Titus 3:3-8  For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice
and envy, hateful, and hating one another.  (4)  But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,  (5)  Not by
works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of
the Holy Ghost;  (6)  Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;  (7)  That being justified by his grace, we should
be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.  (8)  This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that
they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

1 John 3:1  Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world
knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

1 John 3:16-18  Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the
brethren.  (17)  But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him,
how dwelleth the love of God in him?  (18)  My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.
1 John 4:9  In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might
live through him.

1 John 4:7-12  Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.  (8)  He that
loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.  (9)  In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only
begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.  (10)  Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his
Son to be the propitiation for our sins.  (11)  Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.  (12)  No man hath seen God
at any time. If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and his love is perfected in us.

1 John 5:1-5  Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is
begotten of him.  (2)  By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments.  (3)  For this is
the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.  (4)  For whatsoever is born of God
overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.  (5)  Who is he that overcometh the world, but he
that believeth that Jesus is the Son of God?

Have Compassion

There are times at which compassion should be used to restore the weak in faith.

1 Peter 3:8-9  Finally, be ye all of one mind, having compassion one of another, love as brethren, be pitiful, be courteous:  (9)  Not
rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
Galatians 6:1  Brethren, if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; considering
thyself, lest thou also be tempted.

Others Save With Fear

There are times where the fear of the Lord needs to be instilled in those who have departed the faith.

Jud_1:22-23. Mercy for the Victims of Evil Influence.—The beautiful turn of these verses exhibits in full force the Christian disposition of St.
Jude. The former part of the epistle, taken by itself, conveys the impression that the apostle was a mere declamator and denunciator—a
master of withering censure. But now the very men whom he had severely reprimanded are to be sought and reclaimed. We have no
room to give the learned criticism of the text supplied by our great scholars. The Revisers have accepted it, with a marginal note, to
remind the reader that the first part is doubted. After carefully reading the pros and cons, we see no valid reason for rejecting the portion
in dispute, nor is there any difficulty in the rendering. “Those disputing with you, have mercy upon them; and save some, by snatching
them as brands from the burning; have mercy on some with caution; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.” The method of
treating the three classes on Christian grounds is laid down here, and is as applicable to-day as it then was. 1. The doubters. They are to
be treated with consideration and kindliness. Doubt is sometimes the result of imperfect training, or a misapprehension of the truth.
There was a class then who were not able to judge between the teaching of the apostles and that of the false teachers. They needed a
tender treatment to bring them to a knowledge of the truth. This is a very large class in our own day. They say, “We do not know what to
believe.” Then they will adduce what they have heard against the Church, in opposition to the teaching of the Church. This is not a
hopeless class by any means. Patience, perseverance, and compassion, accompanied by lucid teaching, will lead them into the way of
truth. Many, who once were disputers, are now firm believers of the truth. 2. Scoffers. There was a class, not the leaders of the schism,
that had been led away, to whom warning must be adminstered. To reclaim them terrible earnestness was needed, just as a man
plucks the brand from the burning, which he desires to save. The suggestion is that the authority of the truth be used. Not persuasion, but
admonition, exhibiting the power of the truth. The scoffer is a man who ridicules tenderness and love, but is a coward before the attacks
of the sword of the Spirit. Let him know that there is a God in heaven, and a judgment at whose bar he must soon stand, and his
conscience will tremble and make a coward of him. No asperity or bitterness is to be used, but forcibly bring home to him a sense of his
guilt by the earnest care for his soul which your manner will manifest. We do not hear of many scoffers converted in our own day, owing to
the loving manner which the Church assumes towards everybody. Let the arrow of conviction have its own barb, and let it fly. 3. The
sensualists. They must be approached with fear, or with caution. By these the apostle must mean the false teachers themselves, who
preached sodomy, and other forms of immoral practices. Although sunk very deep in sin, they were not to be abandoned; yet, inasmuch
as their garment was defiled by sin, they were not to be approached too nearly or too tenderly. They were within the bounds of conviction,
although very near the circumference. The lesson for the Church to learn is to approach men according to their condition. Somebody in a
hurry gave a tract on the sin of dancing to a man with two wooden legs. We fear that worse mistakes, if possible, are committed
frequently. When the Saviour preached to publicans and sinners, His method was simple, and His message loving; but when He
preached to the Pharisees, Scribes, and Sadducees His manner was more dignified, and His message more authoritative.—W.P.

        Preacher’s Homilectical Commentary
Jude 1:17-23