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|Salvation in Leviticus
Do Not Drink
|Do not drink – Temperance is self-control especially in respect to sexual activity and alcohol
consumption. Thus, it indicates the abstinence of action in sexual relations outside of marriage, and the
complete consumption of alcoholic beverages for other than medical purposes.
Acts 24:24-26 – (24) And after certain days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, which was a Jewess, he
sent for Paul, and heard him concerning the faith in Christ. (25) And as he reasoned of righteousness,
temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a
convenient season, I will call for thee. (26) He hoped also that money should have been given him of Paul, that
he might loose him: wherefore he sent for him the oftener, and communed with him.
Paul, while at Caesarea, was called to speak to Felix and his wife, Drusilla (a Jewess) about “the faith in Christ.”
Paul presented a three-point lesson: 1) righteousness, 2) temperance, and 3) judgment to come. There is a need
for proper action, for proper restraint, and recognition there will be a time when recompense will come for our
Ecclesiastes 12:13-14 – (13) Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his
commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. (14) For God shall bring every work into judgment, with
every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.
Galatians 6:7-9 – (7) Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.
(8) For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the
Spirit reap life everlasting. (9) And let us not be weary in well doing: for in due season we shall reap, if we faint
Galatians 5:16-25 – (16) This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. (17) For
the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other:
so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. (18) But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law. (19)
Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
(20) Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, (21) Envyings,
murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time
past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God. (22) But the fruit of the Spirit is love,
joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, (23) Meekness, temperance: against such there is no
law. (24) And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. (25) If we live in the
Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
2 Peter 1:3-11 –
1 Peter 4:1-5 — Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the
same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; That he no longer should live the rest of
his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. For the time past of our life may suffice us to
have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings,
banquetings, and abominable idolatries: Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same
excess of riot, speaking evil of you: Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the
BANQUET. — In AV ‘banquet’ and ‘banqueting’ always mean wine-drinking, not feasting generally. Thus
Son_2:4 ‘He brought me to the banqueting house’ (Heb. ‘the house of wine’),1Pe_4:3 ‘banquetings’ (Gr.
‘drinkings,’ RV ‘carousings’). – Hastings
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. (Proverbs 20:1)
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich. (Proverbs 21:17)
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without
cause? who hath redness of eyes? They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine. Look not
thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright. At the last
it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder. Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall
utter perverse things. Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon
the top of a mast. They have stricken me, shalt thou say, and I was not sick; they have beaten me, and I felt it
not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again. (Proverbs 23:29-35)
Wine – In the context, fermented juice of the grape. Wine, in the Bible, can be both fermented and
unfermented. New wine and sweet wine were unfermented.
The Preservation of Grape Juice by Boiling Moisture and Heat. The fermentation of grape juice can be
prevented by reducing sufficiently its moisture content or by heating the juice at high temperature. The
reason for this is that the growth of the yeast germs, which are the fermenting agents, slows or stops
entirely when the moisture content of the grape juice is heated at 150º to 180º F. At such a temperature
most of the ferments are destroyed. Both of these results are achieved by boiling the grape juice.
By boiling, the water of the grape juice evaporates, yeasts and molds are destroyed, and the sugar content
increases, thus inhibiting yeast growth. This method of preserving grape juice unfermented by carefully
boiling it down to a syrup was commonly and successfully used in the ancient world. When desired, the
syrup would be drunk diluted with water. Several sources confirm this practice. . . .
The Preservation of Grape Juice through Filtration Separation of Albumen. Another method by which the
fermentation of grape juice can be prevented is by separating the albumen, which is located in the lining of
the skin and in the envelope of the seeds of the grape, from the other elements. The albumen, as noted
earlier, contains the fermenting agents, known as ferments or yeast. By careful procedures the juice of the
grapes can be separated from the fermenting pulp. The ancients understood this principle and applied it in
two ways: (1) gentle pressing, (2) filtration.
Gentle Pressing. The grapes were brought in from the vineyard and placed in wine vats. The first juice that
flowed before the treading began, according to Pliny, was called protropum. "The name," he explains, "was
given by some people to must that flows down of its own accord before the grapes are trodden." This juice,
that flowed spontaneously from the grapes, was composed almost entirely of the sugar portion of the
grapes. The high sugar content of the juice, combined with its relative freedom from yeast, would make its
preservation in an air tight container relatively easy. . . .
Filtration. When the fermentable pulp was pressed out together with the saccharin juice, a separation of
the former was still possible by means of filtration. It is evident that the ancient means of filtration were far
less sophisticated and efficient than those used by the wine industry today. Their basic method consisted
of using a bag, called sacco, in which the grapes were placed. A vase was placed below the bag to receive
the falling juice. Several Latin writers refer to the use of such strainers or filters in the preparation of
wines. . . .
The Preservation of Grape Juice Through Cold Storage Below 40º Fahrenheit. The fermentation of grape
juice can be prevented also by keeping it below 40º F (4º Celsius). Nearly all processes of fermentation
cease at about 40º F. Fermentation is possible only between about 40º and 80º F (4º and 27º Celsius). Below
the former point fermentation is inoperative and above the latter point the acetous supplants the vinous
process. By lowering the temperature to about 40º F., the albumen settles at the bottom and the juice does
Ancient Method. The ancients were familiar with this method of preservation. When they desired to
preserve grape juice in its sweet, unfermented state, they would take an amphora and coat it with pitch
within and without. Then they would fill it with mustum lixivium, the must that flowed before the grapes
would be pressed with a heavy beam and they would seal it carefully with pitch. It was then immersed in a
pool of cool water or a cistern and allowed to remain undisturbed for six weeks or two months. After this
process the grape juice could remain unfermented and hence it was called semper mustum, that is,
permanent must. . . .
The Preservation of Grape Juice Through Sulphur Fumigation. The fermentation of grape juice can also be
prevented by the fumes of sulphur dioxide. The method consists in filling the jars nearly full with fresh
unfermented grape juice, then burning sulphur dioxide in the empty portion, and while the sulphur fumes
are present, the jars are tightly closed. Another possibility is to pour the must into jars or bottles which
have been strongly treated with sulphur fumes. The sulphur absorbs the oxygen of the air and inhibits the
formation of yeast germs. Sulphur dioxide is widely used today in the wine industry to deal with some of the
infection to which wine is subject. (Samuele Bacchiocchi, "The Preservation of Grape Juice," Wine in the
Bible: A Biblical Study on the Use of Alcoholic Beverages,
http://www2.andrews.edu/~samuele/books/wine_in_the_bible/3.html [21 Sep 1998])
Strong Drink – Any alcoholic drink other than grape wine (i.e. other wines, beer, liquor, etc.)
The Babylonians worshiped a wine goddess as early as 2700 B.C. In Greece, one of the first alcoholic
beverages to gain popularity was mead, a fermented drink made from honey and water. Distilling was
practiced in China as early as 800 B.C.
That you may know the difference – The ability to tell the difference between right and wrong is impinged
by the consumption of alcoholic beverages. This prohibition would thus carry to anything which would
infringe upon the ability of the individual to tell the difference between right and wrong. Thus, any
intoxicating substance (that would give you a high or buzz) would be banned. Alcohol is an anesthetic.
The vast majority of people who commit felonies do so after becoming intoxicated.
Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man.
That you may teach the children – Everything is about the example for others, especially children.
And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the
Lord. (Ephesians 6:4)
(8) And the LORD spake unto Aaron, saying, (9) Do not drink wine
nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the
tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for
ever throughout your generations: (10) And that ye may put
difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;
(11) And that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes
which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.
|The principle involved is that of the concentration of all man's powers and capabilities upon the one
end of doing God's will, in and through whatever calling God appoints, and the renunciation of everything
either wholly or to whatever degree necessary, however innocent or useful it may be in its proper place,
that interferes with one's highest efficiency in this calling (1Co_10:31). Not limited to abstinence, it
is rather the power and decision to abstain with reference to some fixed end, and the use of the impulses
of physical, as servants for the moral, life. It does not refer to any one class of objects that meets us, but
to all; to what concerns speech and judgment, as well as to what appeals to sense. It is properly an inner
spiritual virtue, working into the outward life, incapable of being counterfeited or replaced by any
abstinence limited to that which is external (Augsburg Confession, Articles XXVI, XXVII). When its absence,
however, is referred to as sin, the negative is generally more prominent than the positive side of
temperance. The reference in Act_24:25 is to chastity, and in 1Co_7:9, as the context shows, to the inner
side of chastity. In 1Ti_3:2, 1Ti_3:11; Tit_2:2, the word nēphalios has its original meaning as the opposite to
“drunken” (see SOBRIETY; DRINK, STRONG). …
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia